Which diet should a person with high blood pressure choose?
Eat a healthy diet
Eating a diet that is rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products and skimps on saturated fat and cholesterol can lower your blood pressure by up to 11 mm Hg if you have high blood pressure. This eating plan is known as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet.
What is the maximum amount of sodium that people with hypertension African Americans and middle aged and older adults should consume?
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans further identifies at-risk subgroups within the general population—persons with hypertension, African Americans, and middle-aged and older adults—and recommends a sodium intake of no more than 1,500 mg/d for these individuals.
Why is excess cholesterol hazardous to health?
Your body needs cholesterol to build healthy cells, but high levels of cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease. With high cholesterol, you can develop fatty deposits in your blood vessels. Eventually, these deposits grow, making it difficult for enough blood to flow through your arteries.
What is the number one risk factor for heart disease that you can control quizlet?
The number-one risk factor for cardiovascular disease that people can control is smoking.
Which fruit is good for high blood pressure?
1. Citrus fruits. Citrus fruits, including grapefruit, oranges, and lemons, may have powerful blood-pressure-lowering effects. They’re loaded with vitamins, minerals, and plant compounds that may help keep your heart healthy by reducing heart disease risk factors like high blood pressure ( 4 ).
Is rice good for high blood pressure?
Eat more whole grains.
In fact, research shows that eating a diet rich in whole grains (such as quinoa and other ancient grains, oatmeal and brown rice) helps fend off heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and some forms of cancer.
What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease quizlet?
Terms in this set (63)
- T/F The six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed are tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy cholesterol levels, diabetes, and physical inactivity. …
- T/F LDL cholesterol is the less healthy form of cholesterol.
What is the primary symptom of hypertension?
A few people with high blood pressure may have headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these signs and symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.12 мая 2018 г.
Which of the following are ways in which smoking affects the cardiovascular system?
How does smoking change the heart and blood vessels?
- Causes an instant and long-term rise in blood pressure.
- Causes an instant and long-term increase in heart rate.
- Reduces blood flow from the heart.
- Reduces the amount of oxygen that reaches the body’s tissues.
- Increases risk for blood clots.
- Damages blood vessels.
What reduces cholesterol quickly?
How To Reduce Cholesterol Quickly
- Focus on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans. …
- Be mindful of fat intake. …
- Eat more plant sources of protein. …
- Eat fewer refined grains, such as white flour. …
- Get moving.
What are the warning signs of high cholesterol?
The most common symptoms include:
- angina, chest pain.
- extreme fatigue.
- shortness of breath.
- pain in the neck, jaw, upper abdomen, or back.
- numbness or coldness in your extremities.
How can we avoid cholesterol?
A few changes in your diet can reduce cholesterol and improve your heart health:
- Reduce saturated fats. Saturated fats, found primarily in red meat and full-fat dairy products, raise your total cholesterol. …
- Eliminate trans fats. …
- Eat foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids. …
- Increase soluble fiber. …
- Add whey protein.
What are the six main risk factors of cardiovascular disease?
Major Risk Factors
- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. …
- High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. …
- Diabetes. …
- Obesity and Overweight. …
- Smoking. …
- Physical Inactivity. …
- Gender. …
Which of the following is a major risk factor for heart disease?
About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history. But you can take steps to lower your risk by changing the factors you can control.